How To Maintain Your Water Softener?

A water softener is a great asset to any home, as it helps reduce water hardness and mineral deposits that can clog up pipes. But like all other appliances, your water softener needs regular maintenance and upkeep to remain efficient and reliable. Fortunately, maintaining your water softener is relatively easy. In this article, we’ll cover the basics of how to maintain your water softener.

How Water Softeners Work?

How Water Softeners Work?
Water Softeners Work

Water softeners are designed to use salt and other chemicals to remove calcium and magnesium from hard water. The process of water softening involves passing the water through a bed of charged resin beads. The beads attract the calcium and magnesium ions, which are then replaced with sodium or potassium ions. The softened water is then ready to be used for household tasks such as washing and bathing.

Signs Of A Malfunctioning Water Softener

  • Low Water Pressure: If the water pressure from your tap is low, then it could be an indicator that there are problems with the water softener.
    Low Water Pressure
    Low Water Pressure
  • Residue Build-up: Over time, residue buildup in the brine tank can occur causing the scale to form. This can prevent the regeneration process from occurring properly and cause water softeners to become less efficient. To avoid this problem, add a salt cleaning agent such as Morton Clean and Protect to your tank every two weeks. This will help dissolve any build-up and keep your water softener running efficiently.
    Residue Build-up:
    Residue Build-up
  • Soap Scum Formation: One of the main reasons that it is important to maintain your water softener is that if it isn’t maintained, soap scum can start to build up. If this happens, your laundry and dishes will not get as clean as they should be. Soap scum buildup can also damage fixtures in your home, such as bathroom faucets and shower heads.
    Soap Scum Formation
    Soap Scum
  • Strange Tasting Water: If your water is tasting strange, it could be due to a build-up of minerals in the resin bed. The resin bed can become saturated and needs to be regenerated with salt to restore its efficiency.
  • Increased Energy Bills: One of the most common signs that your water softener needs attention is an increase in energy bills. If you notice that your energy bill has been steadily increasing and you haven’t made any changes, it may be time to check your water softener. It could be a sign that your system is operating inefficiently and worn-out components are contributing to higher energy costs.
    Increased Energy Bills
    Increased Energy Bills

How To Maintain Your Water Softener?

  • Regular Cleaning: Clean the grains, brine tank and float valve of your water softener periodically to ensure its efficient performance.
    Regular Cleaning
    Regular Cleaning
  • Salt Level Monitoring: Regularly check the salt level in your water softener. Low salt levels can reduce its efficiency, so be sure to top up as needed. Additionally, if you’re using solar or block salt, consider switching to an alternative like potassium chloride instead — it is known for making softer water without requiring as much maintenance.
  • Check the Brine Tank: The brine tank is an essential part of any water softener system. You should regularly check and maintain the tank, as it may need to be recharged or adjusted depending on your usage. Check for any signs of damage such as rust or cracks and make sure that there are no blockages
    Check the Brine Tank
    Brine Tank
  • Resin Bed Cleaning: Cleaning the resin bed is a crucial step in maintaining your water softener. Over time, fine dirt and other debris can accumulate in the bed, which reduces its effectiveness and efficiency. To clean it, you need to first shut off all power to the system and disconnect any hoses connected to it, then remove the brine tank from the top of the softener. Next, remove the resin bed from inside the tank and scrub off any dirt or debris with a brush and mild soap solution. Once you’ve done that, rinse off the bed with clean water before putting it back in its place. Finally, reconnect all hoses and turn on the power to the system.
  • Regeneration Frequency: Depending on the size and usage of your water softener, you should adjust the frequency at which it needs to regenerate. It is generally recommended to run a regeneration cycle every three weeks. This will help ensure that your water softener remains in good working order and can keep up with your needs.
  • Check the Salt Bridge: A salt bridge forms due to the accumulation of a solidified layer of brine on the bottom of the water softener tank. This can prevent water from entering and salt from dissolving, resulting in hard water. To prevent this, you should check and remove any salt bridges regularly.
    Check the Salt Bridge
    Check the Salt Bridge
  • Inspect the Control Valve: It is important to periodically inspect the control valve on your water softener. The control valve helps regulate the amount of salt used by the unit and can become clogged over time, preventing it from operating correctly. To inspect your control valve, you will need to gain access to the back of the unit. Remove the cover plate and look for any signs of damage or debris. If the valve looks clogged, you can remove it and use a brush or compressed air to clean off any buildup. Make sure to replace the cover plate when finished. Cleaning the control valve regularly can help ensure your water softener is operating at peak efficiency.
  • Clean the Nozzle: Over time, the nozzle and venturi of your water softener can become clogged with dirt and other particles. To prevent this build-up, make sure to clean them out at least once a year. Start by turning off the power and water supply to your unit before you begin cleaning. Using a small brush or vacuum cleaner, gently scrub away any dirt or debris inside the nozzle and venturi. Be sure to clean all the tiny crevices as well, since that is where most of the build-up usually occurs.
  • Lubricate the O-rings and Valve: The O-rings and valve are essential for the optimal functioning of the system. So, it is important to lubricate them from time to time. You should use a water-soluble lubricant to do this job. If there is any leakage in the system, you may need to replace these components altogether.
    Lubricate the O-rings and Valve
    Lubricate the O-rings and Valve
  • Inspect the Electrical Components: Water softener systems rely on electricity to operate. It is important to inspect the electrical components of your system regularly for wear and tear, as well as any signs of corrosion or damage. If you notice anything that could be a problem, shut off the power immediately and call a professional water-softening technician. It is also important to check the wiring regularly and replace any frayed or damaged wires.
  • Change The Water Softener Pre-Filter Regularly: Your water softener has a pre-filter that should be changed regularly. The frequency will depend on your softener’s specific model, but generally speaking, these filters need to be changed every three months or so. If you don’t change the filter, it could get clogged and reduce the effectiveness of the system.
    Change The Water Softener Pre-Filter Regularly
    Change The Water Softener Pre-Filter
  • Make Sure Your Drain Line Is Anchored Securely: The drain line from your water softener should be anchored securely to the wall or floor so it doesn’t move when the softener is in use. If it isn’t, you risk clogs and damage to the system.

How To Clean A Water Softener?

  • Turn off the Water Supply:  Turn off the water supply that feeds into your water softener. This will prevent any further contamination of the system during cleaning.
    Turn off the water supply
    Turn off the water supply
  • Drain the Water Softener Tank: To ensure the optimal performance of your water softener, regular maintenance is essential. One important part of this maintenance is to drain the tank to get rid of any accumulated sediment. To do this, turn off the power to the unit, then attach a garden hose to the drain line located at the base of your water softener. Open the drain valve and allow the tank to empty for a few minutes. Once all of the water has drained out, close the drain valve and reinstall any plugs or covers that were removed during this process.
    Drain the Water Softener Tank
    Drain the Water Softener Tank
  • Cleaning the Tank and the Brine Tank: It’s important to keep the tanks of your water softener clean. This can be done every few months by removing the tank cover and cleaning the inside with a brush or cloth. You should also check for any build-up of calcium and magnesium deposits in the tank. If you find these deposits, you should scrub them away using a mixture of water and vinegar. Additionally, you should clean the brine tank where salt is stored every 6 months or so by draining it, scrubbing it with a cleaner like bleach, and then refilling it with fresh salt. This will help to ensure that your water softener continues to run smoothly.
  • Refill the Tank: As the water softener runs through cycles, salt will be used up to deliver softened water. To ensure that your system is functioning properly, you need to regularly refill the tank with new salt. This should be done at least once a year and more frequently if you have hard water.
    Refill the Tank
    Refill the Tank


How do I set the system to auto?

How do I set the system to auto
Set the system to auto

Setting your water softener to auto can help maintain optimal levels of softened water and minimize the need for manual adjustments. To do this, locate the control panel on your system and consult the manufacturer’s instructions for specific steps. Generally, you’ll need to adjust the settings to allow regeneration at pre-determined intervals, usually every 7 days or so. You’ll also need to enter the amount of water used per month and adjust the settings to ensure that your system regenerates frequently enough without over-treating your water supply.

My softener uses 80 lbs of salt a month. Is this normal?

The amount of salt used by your water softener depends on the hardness level of your water, how often it’s regenerated and the size of your tank. Generally speaking, most water softeners will use about 40 to 80 lbs of salt per month. If you’re using more than 80 lbs a month, you should check the settings on your water softener to make sure it’s working efficiently.

How Often Do Water Softeners Need Servicing?

It’s important to know how often to service your water softener to keep it in good working condition. Generally, you should plan on servicing the system at least once a year. If the water contains particularly high levels of minerals or is especially hard, then more frequent service may be necessary. It can also help to check the system every few months to ensure that it is working properly.

Can bacteria grow in a water softener?

Yes, bacteria can grow in a water softener if the conditions are right. Bacteria can thrive in warm, moist environments and can also be found in brine tanks or on resin beads. This type of bacterial growth can cause foul odours and even clog the system. To prevent this from happening, there are a few preventative measures you can take.

Is it normal to have some mineral buildup in my water softener tank?

Yes, it is normal to see some minerals accumulate in the water softener tank over time. These minerals are usually calcium or iron that has been drawn out of the softening media. This buildup can be prevented by regularly maintaining your system and checking for any signs of mineral deposits.


Maintaining a water softener is important for the long-term use and efficacy of your system. Regularly checking the brine tank, cleaning out contaminants, replacing parts as needed, and periodically testing the water can help keep your system functioning at its best. Depending on the type of unit you own, you may also need to add salt to your brine tank. For more in-depth maintenance, it’s best to consult with a professional who has experience with water softener systems. With the proper care and attention, you can keep your water softener running smoothly for many years to come.

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